Before you start writing an academic research proposal - step 0, if you like - take some time to review the rules of proposal writing in general. Academic research proposals follow similar guidelines, but also make unique demands of the writer. A research proposal should be built on a concrete plan to conduct academic or scientific research. It outlines not only what you plan on researching, but it also explains all the procedures for qualitative and quantitative study you intend on using. A research proposal for academic writing analyzes a topic and proposes a hypothesis for that topic.
Writing a research proposal
How to Write a Research Proposal - University of Birmingham
A research proposal is a simply a structured, formal document that explains what you plan to research i. This will cost you valuable time, which will either delay the start of your research or eat into its time allowance which is bad news. Your proposal needs to clearly articulate your research topic. This needs to be specific and unambiguous. Your research topic should make it clear exactly what you plan to research and in what context. As you can see, this topic is extremely clear. From this one line we can see exactly:.
10 Steps to Writing an Academic Research Proposal
Published on April 15, by Shona McCombes. Revised on January 8, A research problem is a specific issue, difficulty, contradiction, or gap in knowledge that you will aim to address in your research. You might look for practical problems aimed at contributing to change, or theoretical problems aimed at expanding knowledge.
Jump to navigation. A pre-proposal sometimes called a white paper, letter proposal, letter of intent, preliminary proposal, pre-application, or concept paper is a short description of the proposed project. Usually, the purpose of a pre-proposal is to inform and interest the potential sponsor in the project, resulting in a request for a more detailed formal proposal. A pre-proposal must be routed through UAccess Research for institutional approval prior to submission if it:. Sponsors solicit formal proposals by publishing specific program announcements.