Satire is a genre of the visual , literary , and performing arts , usually in the form of fiction and less frequently non-fiction , in which vices, follies, abuses and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement. A feature of satire is strong irony or sarcasm —"in satire, irony is militant", according to literary critic Northrup Frye —  but parody , burlesque , exaggeration ,  juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing. This "militant" irony or sarcasm often professes to approve of or at least accept as natural the very things the satirist wishes to question. Satire is found in many artistic forms of expression, including internet memes, literature, plays, commentary, music , film and television shows, and media such as lyrics. The word satire comes from the Latin word satur and the subsequent phrase lanx satura. Satur meant "full" but the juxtaposition with lanx shifted the meaning to "miscellany or medley": the expression lanx satura literally means "a full dish of various kinds of fruits".
Comedy and Tragedy
Dead Souls - Wikipedia
The body of written works of a language, period, or culture. Imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value: "Literature must be an analysis of experience and a synthesis of the findings into a unity" Rebecca West. The body of written work produced by scholars or researchers in a given field: medical literature. Printed material: collected all the available literature on the subject. Music All the compositions of a certain kind or for a specific instrument or ensemble: the symphonic literature. All rights reserved.
Literature broadly is any collection of written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama , and poetry. Literature, as an art form, can also include works in various non-fiction genres, such as autobiography , diaries , memoir , letters , and the essay. Within its broad definition, literature includes non-fictional books, articles or other printed information on a particular subject. Literature is classified according to whether it is poetry, prose or drama, and such works are categorized according to historical periods, or their adherence to certain aesthetic features, or genre.
Satire , artistic form, chiefly literary and dramatic, in which human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision , burlesque , irony , parody , caricature , or other methods, sometimes with an intent to inspire social reform. Satire is a protean term. Together with its derivatives, it is one of the most heavily worked literary designations and one of the most imprecise.