Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism   and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato.
Factors Affecting Motivation of Students
Teaching critical thinking: An evidence-based guide
We all encounter opportunities in our daily lives to engage problems and decisions using strong critical thinking. Everyone needs to think ahead, to plan and to problem solve. In fact, strong thinking is the common denominator of success throughout the world. Here are fifteen positive examples of critical thinking:. Examples of critical thinking from Facione, P. Think Critically , Pearson Education.
Strategies to promote critical thinking and active learning
The ideal critical thinker is habitually inquisitive, well-informed, trustful of reason, open-minded, flexible, fair-minded in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in making judgments, willing to reconsider, clear about issues, orderly in complex matters, diligent in seeking relevant information, reasonable in the selection of criteria, focused in inquiry, and persistent in seeking results that are as precise as the subject and the circumstances of inquiry permit. Experts from several fields agree that a critical thinker must possess both a set of thinking skills and the habits of mind necessary to use those skills. A companion survey, the California Critical Thinking Skills Test, measures actual critical thinking skills.
Factors Affecting Motivation of Students explains that Motivation is the desire to continue learning and achieving the best. It is the need to continue conquering the unknown and the little known. Kreitner and Kinicki link motivation to needs. Accordingly, unmet needs motivate students to satisfy them.