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Section: Education

Subsection: Educational Terms explained


A decision taken because of behaviour

Every School has a Behaviour policy covering behaviour before, during and after school. It will outline their general approach to discipline and behaviour expectations. Sometimes, the Headteacher will make the decision to exclude a pupil. There are 2 types of exclusion:

  • Fixed period (suspension). Can be excluded for up to 45 days in each School year
  • Permanent (expulsion)

The School should set and mark work for the first 5 days of any exclusion. (For longer fixed term exclusions the school should sort further work and for permanent exclusions the Local Authority take responsibility to obtain educational provision from day 6).

When a child is excluded a letter should be sent to the parents informing them of the length and reason for exclusion and how to appeal. You can appeal against the decision:

  • If it is for more than 5 days and your child will miss an important test or exam.
  • If it is less than 5 days and you feel there are factors that the school hasn’t thought about.

If the exclusion is permanent, you have a right of appeal to the governors and then to the Local Authority or (if it is an Academy) to the Academy Trust). If your child has been excluded and is disabled and/or has SEN, both schools and local authorities have legal duties towards you and your child.

It is recognised that children and young people with SEND are more likely to be excluded from school than their peers but there is still some confusion around the way that these exclusions are used and the legalities of a child or young person not being able to attend school. Exclusion is the most extreme sanction available to a head teacher.

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Money and legal Matters - Legal